How to deal with fungal acne.
How to deal with fungal acne
Fungal acne, also known as Malassezia folliculitis, is a type of acne caused by an overgrowth of a yeast called Malassezia on the skin. Unlike traditional acne, which is caused by the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, fungal acne presents as small, uniform, red or skin-colored bumps that often appear on the forehead, cheeks, and chin.
Here are some tips to help deal with fungal acne:
Use antifungal skincare products: The first step in treating fungal acne is to use antifungal skincare products that contain ingredients such as ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or zinc pyrithione. These ingredients can help kill the yeast that is causing the acne. Look for shampoos or body washes that contain these ingredients and use them on the affected areas.
Avoid oily or comedogenic products: Fungal acne can be exacerbated by using oily or comedogenic products. Look for non-comedogenic and oil-free skincare and makeup products. Avoid heavy creams, oils, and serums, as these can clog pores and worsen fungal acne.
Keep your skin clean: Keeping your skin clean is important in preventing fungal acne. Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser twice a day to remove dirt, oil, and dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. Avoid over-cleansing or using harsh scrubs, as this can irritate the skin and make fungal acne worse.
Use topical antifungal treatments: If over-the-counter antifungal skincare products are not effective, your dermatologist may prescribe topical antifungal treatments such as creams, gels, or lotions. These treatments can be applied directly to the affected areas and may contain ingredients such as ciclopirox, econazole, or miconazole.
Consider oral antifungal medications: In severe cases of fungal acne, your dermatologist may prescribe oral antifungal medications such as fluconazole or itraconazole. These medications are taken orally and work to eliminate the yeast that is causing the acne. However, they may have side effects and require close monitoring by your dermatologist.
Practice good hygiene: Fungal acne can be spread through contact with infected objects or surfaces, such as towels, clothing, or bedding. Practice good hygiene by washing your hands frequently, avoiding sharing personal items, and washing your clothes and bedding regularly.
Avoid sweating: Sweat can exacerbate fungal acne, so it's important to avoid sweating as much as possible. This may mean avoiding strenuous exercise or wearing breathable clothing that wicks away moisture from the skin.
Consider dietary changes: Some studies have suggested that dietary changes, such as reducing sugar intake and increasing intake of probiotics, can help to reduce the incidence of fungal acne. Talk to your doctor or dermatologist before making any significant dietary changes.
In conclusion, fungal acne can be a frustrating and difficult condition to deal with, but with the right treatment and skincare routine, it can be effectively managed. If you are experiencing persistent or severe fungal acne, it is important to seek the advice of a dermatologist who can provide a personalized treatment plan based on your individual needs.